UPSC POLITY MOCK TEST | 2020 | Official

Consider the following statements regarding the Estimates Committee of the Indian Parliament:

1. It consists of members from Lok Sabha only.
2. Its Chairman is appointed by the Speaker of the Lok Sabha but he/she cannot be from the ruling party.
3. A minister cannot be elected as its member.
4. Its function is to examine the estimates included in the budget and suggest economies in public expenditure.
5. It cannot suggest alternative policies in order to bring about efficiency and economy in administration.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

Correct

Correct Answer : B

The Estimate Committee consists of 30 members elected by the Lok Sabha from among its members according the representation by means of the single transferable vote. It’s chairman is appointed by the speaker. No minister can be elected as member of this committee. It can suggest alternative policies in order to bring about efficiency and economy in administration.

Incorrect

Correct Answer : B

The Estimate Committee consists of 30 members elected by the Lok Sabha from among its members according the representation by means of the single transferable vote. It’s chairman is appointed by the speaker. No minister can be elected as member of this committee. It can suggest alternative policies in order to bring about efficiency and economy in administration.


Consider the following statements in regard to special status of Jammu and Kashmir:

1. Jammu and Kashmir is the only State in India which has its own constitution.
2. The residuary powers are vested in Union Government and not in the State government.
3. The special leave jurisdiction of the Supreme Court and the jurisdiction of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India are applicable to the state.
4. The High Court of Jammu and Kashmir can issue writs for the enforcement of both the fundamental rights and for other legal rights.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

Correct

Correct Answer : B

J&K has its own constitution and the other states have no particular constitution. The residuary powers in respect of J&K rests with the state government and not with the Union Government. The High Court of J&K can issue writs only for the enforcement of the fundamental rights and not for other legal rights while the other High Courts can issue writs for the enforcement of both types of rights.

Incorrect

Correct Answer : B

J&K has its own constitution and the other states have no particular constitution. The residuary powers in respect of J&K rests with the state government and not with the Union Government. The High Court of J&K can issue writs only for the enforcement of the fundamental rights and not for other legal rights while the other High Courts can issue writs for the enforcement of both types of rights.


Consider the following:

1. To value and preserve the rich heritage of the country’s composite culture.
2. To develop the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform.
3. To protect monuments, places and objects of artistic or historic interest which are declared to be of national importance.
4. To prohibit the consumption of intoxicating drinks and drugs which are injurious to health.

Which of the given above are not included as Fundamental duties in the Article 51A of the Constitution of India?

Correct

Correct Answer : B

The statements 3 and 4 i.e. to protect monuments, places and objects of artistic or historic interest which are declared to be of national importance and to prohibit the consumption of intoxicating drinks and drugs which are injurious to health are directive principles under part IV of the Constitution.

Incorrect

Correct Answer : B

The statements 3 and 4 i.e. to protect monuments, places and objects of artistic or historic interest which are declared to be of national importance and to prohibit the consumption of intoxicating drinks and drugs which are injurious to health are directive principles under part IV of the Constitution.


Consider the following statements regarding the Election Commission of India:

1. It appoints election officers to look into disputes connected with election arrangements.
2. It notifies the dates and schedules of elections and scrutinizes the nomination papers.
3. It can request the President or Governor for requisitioning the staff necessary for conducting elections.
4. It consists of the Chief Election Commissioner and two other election commissioners as mentioned under Article 324 of the Constitution of India.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

Correct

Correct Answer : B

The Election Commission shall consists of the Chief Election Commissioner and such number of other election commissioners if any as the President may fix from time to time.

Incorrect

Correct Answer : B

The Election Commission shall consists of the Chief Election Commissioner and such number of other election commissioners if any as the President may fix from time to time.


According to the Article 356 of the Indian Constitution, the proclamation of emergency in case of failure of the constitutional machinery in a state can be extended beyond one year on which of the following grounds?

1. If the Union Cabinet gives in writing to the President that it is necessary to continue with the President’s rule.
2. If the Election Commission certifies that the general elections to the legislative assembly of the concerned state cannot be held on account of difficulties.
3. Only if a proclamation of national emergency is in operation, in the whole of Indian or as case may be, in the whole or any part of the state.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

Correct

Correct Answer : B

If approved by both the houses of Parliament, the President Rules continued for six months. It can be extended for a maximum period of three years with the approval of the Parliament after every six months.

Incorrect

Correct Answer : B

If approved by both the houses of Parliament, the President Rules continued for six months. It can be extended for a maximum period of three years with the approval of the Parliament after every six months.


Consider the following statements regarding the Comptroller and Auditor-General (CAG) of India:

1. The CAG enjoys the same status as that of Chief Election Commissioner,but higher than the Deputy Chairman of Rajya Sabha according to the order of precedence.
2. The conditions of service of persons serving in the Indian Audit and Accounts Department are prescribed by the CAG after consultation with the President.

Which of the statements/s given above is/are correct?

Correct

Correct Answer : A

The conditions of service of persons serving in the Indian Audit and Accounts department are prescribed by the President after consultation with the CAG.

Incorrect

Correct Answer : A

The conditions of service of persons serving in the Indian Audit and Accounts department are prescribed by the President after consultation with the CAG.


Consider the following statements:

1. Citizenship denotes a legal status of an individual in India.
2. In India only a citizen by birth and not a naturalized citizen is eligible for the office of President.

Which of the statement/s given above is/are correct?

Correct

Correct Answer : A

Citizenship denotes the link between a person and a state or an association of states. Possession of citizenship is normally associated with the right to work and live in a country and to participate in political life. In India both a citizen by birth as well as a naturalized citizen is eligible for the office of President.

Incorrect

Correct Answer : A

Citizenship denotes the link between a person and a state or an association of states. Possession of citizenship is normally associated with the right to work and live in a country and to participate in political life. In India both a citizen by birth as well as a naturalized citizen is eligible for the office of President.


Consider the following statements:

1. A Money Bill is certified by the Speaker of the Lok Sabha, though a Finance Bill requires no such certification.
2. After the Money bill has been passed by the House of the People, it shall be transmitted to the Rajya Sabha for its recommendation and latter shall return the bill to the House of the People along with its recommendation, if any, within fifteen days.

Which of the statements/s given above is/are correct?

Correct

Correct Answer : A

Money Bills can be introduced only in Lok Sabha. When the bill is passed by the Lok Sabha, it is sent to the Rajya Sabha. Rajya Sabha may not amend money bills but can recommend changes. A money bill must be returned to the Lok Sabha within 14 days or the bill is deemed to have passed by both houses in the form it was originally passed by the Lok Sabha. When a Money Bill is returned to the Lok Sabha with the recommended amendments of the Rajya Sabha it is open to Lok Sabha to accept or reject any or all of the recommendations.

Incorrect

Correct Answer : A

Money Bills can be introduced only in Lok Sabha. When the bill is passed by the Lok Sabha, it is sent to the Rajya Sabha. Rajya Sabha may not amend money bills but can recommend changes. A money bill must be returned to the Lok Sabha within 14 days or the bill is deemed to have passed by both houses in the form it was originally passed by the Lok Sabha. When a Money Bill is returned to the Lok Sabha with the recommended amendments of the Rajya Sabha it is open to Lok Sabha to accept or reject any or all of the recommendations.


The Community Development Programme 1952, was associated with which of the following sectors?

1. Agricultural programmes
2. Irrigation
3. Rural health and hygiene
4. Rural education

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

Correct

Correct Answer : C

The community development programme was launched in 1952 to provide for a substantial increase in the country's agricultural programmes and for improvements in systems of communication, in rural health and hygiene, and in rural education and also to initiate and direct a process of integrated culture change aimed at transforming the social and economic life of villagers.

Incorrect

Correct Answer : C

The community development programme was launched in 1952 to provide for a substantial increase in the country's agricultural programmes and for improvements in systems of communication, in rural health and hygiene, and in rural education and also to initiate and direct a process of integrated culture change aimed at transforming the social and economic life of villagers.


Consider the following statements regarding powers and functions of the President of India:

1. All legislative proposals involving expenditure from the Consolidated Fund of India have to be recommended by the President of India for consideration of the Parliament.
2. He can direct the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court to takeover a particular case for disposal.
3. He calls upon the party enjoying majority in the Lok Sabha to choose its leader who is then appointed as the Prime Minister.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

Correct

Correct Answer : C

President can seek advice from the Supreme Court on any question of law or fact. However, the advice tendered by the Supreme Court is not binding on the President. President cannot direct the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court to takeover a particular case for disposal (Art-143).

Incorrect

Correct Answer : C

President can seek advice from the Supreme Court on any question of law or fact. However, the advice tendered by the Supreme Court is not binding on the President. President cannot direct the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court to takeover a particular case for disposal (Art-143).

UPSC Polity Mock Test

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